Legal notice concerning the presentation of investment recommendations
This document, investment advice and other economic and investment analysis (“analysis”) was prepared by the analytical department of the joint-stock company Patria Finance, a.s. (“Patria Finance”), a licensed securities broker-dealer regulated by the Czech National Bank. Patria Finance is part of Patria Finance, a.s. group (“Patria Finance”), part of this group are also Patria Online, a.s. and Patria Corporate Finance, a.s. (all companies belonging to the Patria Finance group companies are referred to as “Patria”). In case the document or analysis was not prepared solely by Patria Finance analysts, such persons are mentioned in such document.
When preparing the analyses, Patria uses generally accepted valuation methods, namely: (i) discounting future free cash flow (Discounted Cash Flow valuation, DCF), (ii) discounting of future dividends (Dividend Discount Model, DDM), (iii) comparison in a group of comparable companies (Market-Based Valuation, MBV), and (iv) a screening system. Less frequent are some other methods of determining a fair valuation or a target price, such as Residual Income Valuation.
DCF and DDM: the advantage of these methods is that future financial results are calculated; their disadvantage is that such forecast of future financial results is affected by the analyst's own judgment.
MBV: this method is more independent from the analyst’s own judgment; however, it is usually based on current financial results which may differ from the future ones.
Screening system: this method is based on two dimensions: (i) assessment of potential growth and (ii) identification of an attractive value of the shares. According to the screening results, individual sectors and titles can be sorted into a two-dimensional space which allows the assessment of their relative attractiveness.
Explanation of any recommendations made:
Unless otherwise stated in the analysis, recommendations used by Patria have the following meaning:
- Buy – total return is expected to increase by 10 or more percent over the period for which the respective analysis is prepared;
- Hold – total return is expected to be between plus 10 and minus 10 percent over the period for which the respective analysis is prepared;
- Sell – total return is expected to fall by 10 or more percent over the period for which the respective analysis is prepared;
- Take-profit – price which should give an idea of when to realize profit is arbitrarily set at 30 percent of the difference between the purchase price and the average 12-month target price on the market and adjusted for risk;
- Stop-loss – price is set at 10 percent below the purchase price and subsequently adjusted for risk the particular instrument. As a risk approximation, Patria uses the beta parameter relative to a given benchmark (S&P 500 for the USA, national stock exchange indices for Europe).
Conflict of interests:
Patria or parties affiliated with Patria (especially Patria Finance group companies) may execute or seek opportunities to execute transactions with companies that are mentioned in particular analyses. Therefore, Patria or parties affiliated with Patria may get into a conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of given analyses.
Unless otherwise stated in the document, Patria does not have a significant financial interest in any of the instruments or investment strategies presented in the analyses.
Instruments covered in the analyses represent investment tips of Patria’s analysts. At a given moment, however, recommendations of Patria’s brokers or other employees regarding these instruments may be different, especially with regard to (i) an investment profile of a specific Patria’s client to whom Patria provides investment advice, and also (ii) to the current or expected future development on financial and capital markets.
Although this document and the analyses were made in accordance with the rules to avoid conflicts of interest, affiliated entities and individual Patria’s departments may realize investment decisions that are inconsistent with recommendations or views expressed in these analyses.
Investors should therefore consider this particular analysis only as one of several factors in their investment decision.
By way of its internal rules, Patria prohibits its analysts to undertake personal transactions with investment instruments that are subject to analysis of a given analysts; i.e. it is forbidden to for the analysts to trade on their own account with instruments to which such analysts creates an analysis of investment opportunities. In relation to such investment instruments, the analysts are prohibited to provide investment services (with the exception of making investment recommendations). More information about the conflict of interest restrictions are listed on the website finance.patria.cz, in the “Documents” section in a document “Conflicts of Interest".
Information on whether Patria or parties affiliated with Patria (especially Patria Finance group companies):
- act as a market maker in relation to financial instruments of some of the companies mentioned in the analysis (“issuer”);
- provide liquidity in relation to financial instruments of the issuer;
- received compensation from the issuer's for investment banking services;
- have a direct or indirect interest in the issuer's share capital in excess of five percent;
- have been a leading manager or co-manager of public offerings of financial instruments issued by the issuer in the last twelve months;
- have an agreement with the issuer relating to the creation and dissemination of investment recommendations; or
- notified the issuer with the analysis prior to its dissemination, or whether a given analysis was amended as a result of such notification;
are published on a webpage accessible remotely at https://www.patria.cz/stocks/research/recommendation.html. This webpage also includes a list of contracts regarding the provision of investment services entered into with the issuer and an overview of changes in the level of investment recommendations and price targets during the past 12 months.
Patria belongs to a KBC Bank group and, unless otherwise stated in the analysis, Patria is not aware of any potential conflict of interest arising from the participation in this group. Patria created the analysis independently from other members of the group and without any detailed knowledge of specific investment activities and interests of this business group’s individual members.
Analysts are compensated according to various criteria, including the quality and accuracy of their analysis, customer satisfaction, competitive factors and overall Patria’s profitability which also includes profits derived from investment banking revenues. No part of the analysts’ compensation was, nor will be, directly or indirectly, related to specific recommendations or opinions expressed in given analyses.
Despite Patria based the preparation of a document on reliable external sources, it is not liable for the completeness and accuracy of information used. Such document may be changed without prior notice.
The analyses provide general information only. They do not constitute an offer to buy or sell financial instruments. Financial instruments or strategies mentioned may not be suitable for all investors. Opinions and recommendations do not take into account the situation and personal circumstances of individual clients, their financial situation, knowledge, experience, objectives or needs and thus the analyses are not intended to recommend specific financial instruments or strategies to particular investors.
The analyses are prepared primarily for investors who are expected to make their own investment decisions based on their own assessment of a particular investment suitability in any investment instruments mentioned in a given analysis, especially by appropriately considering the price, possible dangers and risks, their own investment strategy and their own legal, tax and financial situation. An analysis should not be the sole basis for an investment decision.
An investor should seek professional assessment, including tax advice, on the suitability of an investment in any financial instruments, other investments or investment strategies mentioned in a given analysis or recommended in such analysis.
Value, price, or income from such assets may change or be affected by movements in exchange rates. As a result of these changes, the investment value of such assets may decline. Successful investments in the past neither indicate nor guarantee favorable results in the future.
Planned frequency of updates:
Patria regularly updates its analyses, or information on companies or sectors included in such analyses. This update is based on a specific development or announcement, market conditions or any other publicly available information which may have an impact to specific information in a given analysis. Patria reserves the right to terminate coverage of individual financial instruments, sectors or investment strategies without prior notice.
Jurisdictions outside the Czech Republic:
The analyses are intended for distribution in the Czech and Slovak Republic, or in other countries of the European Union. Distribution of specific analyses to the public outside the Czech and Slovak Republics may be restricted by law of that particular country. Persons who become the recipients of a given analysis should therefore properly inform themselves about the existence of such restriction. Non-adherence to such restrictions may result in a violation of the laws of the Czech Republic or that particular country.
© 2012 Patria Finance, a.s.: All rights reserved. The analyses are intended solely for Patria’s clients and without the prior written consent of Patria shall not be in any form and in any manner reproduced, distributed or published. Any unauthorized use or disclosure of such analyses without the prior written consent of Patria is prohibited.